Year 2017

4. Materials and services


EUR million

2017

2016

2015

restated

Production materials

17.8

20.5

21.1

Subcontracting and external services

206.0

170.0

170.4

Mail transport and delivery services

240.7

213.5

207.5

Freight and transport

43.3

43.7

36.4

Other production cost

0.2

1.0

2.1

Total

508.0

448.6

437.5

    

External services consist mainly of purchased subcontracting services for production such as freight, forwarding and transport services.